RF isolators and circulators play an important role in many RF communication systems. Electrical behaviour of each individual unit contributes to overall system performances. Engineers often monitor and test each component during troubleshooting of an RF system.
In electrical engineering, impedance is the ratio of voltage to current with the consideration of phase angle. According to Ohm’s law V= IR, where V – voltage, I is the current and R is the resistance of the network. In RF, the idea of impedance matching is to equalizing the source and load impedance for maximum power transfer. Impedance is represented as Z and is complex than just the resistance of the network. In simple explanation, impedance matching is to making source and load impedance as similar as possible in order to minimize losses.