The internet of things (IoT) is the system of physical objects or “things” embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, enabling these physical objects to collect and exchange data. Find out what is narrowband IoT and the use cases of narrowband IoT.
The term “Internet of Things” was first introduced by Kevin Ashton of Procter & Gamble in 1999. Ashton was working on a project to embed RFID tags in products to track inventory levels. He realized that if these tags could communicate with one another, they could provide a more comprehensive understanding of inventory and product flow.
Today, there are a growing number of IoT devices, including home automation devices, wearables, and smart city initiatives
NB-IoT is a low-power wide-area network (LPWAN) technology that enables the deployment of cost-effective and energy-efficient IoT devices and services. NB-IoT is a 3GPP standard that builds on LTE Cat-M1 technology, providing a longer battery life and lower cost of deployment compared to other LPWAN technologies.
LTE Cat-M1 technology
LTE Cat-M1 technology is a low-power wide-area network (LPWAN) technology that enables massive machine-type communications (mMTC) and ultra-low-power wide-area network (uLPWAN) applications. It is designed for devices that require long battery life and low data rates, such as smart meters, asset trackers, and other Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices.
LTE Cat-M1 technology is a successor to LTE-M (LTE Cat-M2) technology, which is also designed for the IoT. LTE Cat-M1 technology provides a higher data rate and longer battery life than LTE-M technology.
LTE Cat-M1 technology delivers data rates of up to 1 Mbps and a battery life of up to 10 years. It operates in the unlicensed spectrum bands at 850 MHz and 900 MHz, making it ideal for deployments in rural and suburban areas.
LTE Cat-M1 technology is a part of the LTE family of technologies, which is the global standard for mobile communications. LTE Cat-M1 technology is based on the LTE Advanced Pro standard, which is the latest version of the LTE standard.
What is Narrow Band IoT?
Narrowband IoT technology is a term used in the telecommunications industry that refers to a technology that uses a very specific range of frequencies to transmit data. Narrowband IoT technology is designed to transmit data over long distances and to connect devices that are not traditionally connected to the internet.
Narrowband IoT technology is based on the LTE-M network (latest version – LTE Cat-M1), which is a network that is designed for low-power devices. LTE-M is a variation of the LTE network that uses a specific range of frequencies to transmit data. These frequencies are specifically designed for devices that need to connect to the internet over long distances.
Narrowband IoT technology is a good option for companies that want to connect devices that are not traditionally connected to the internet. For example, companies that want to connect devices that are located in remote areas or that are not powered by traditional sources of electricity.
It is designed for devices that need to connect to the internet but don’t have a lot of bandwidth or power available.
NB-IoT achieves this by using a very narrowband frequency range. This means that it can use less power to send and receive data, and it can also send and receive data over a longer distance.
Narrowband NB-IoT Use Cases
IoT is a blanket term that refers to a wide range of wireless communication technologies, including both licensed and unlicensed technologies. NB-IoT operates in the licensed cellular spectrum and can provide coverage over a much wider area than unlicensed IoT technologies such as Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) and Zigbee. NB-IoT can also support a higher number of devices per square kilometer than unlicensed IoT technologies.
NB-IoT is a perfect solution for advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) and distribution automation (DA) applications. NB-IoT can provide a secure and reliable communication network for the metering infrastructure and Distribution Management System (DMS) to exchange data and enable two-way communication between the utility and the consumer.
NB-IoT has the potential to provide several benefits for smart metering, including:
1. Reduced Costs: NB-IoT can significantly reduce the cost of deploying a smart metering infrastructure. The low-power and wide-area (LPWA) nature of NB-IoT makes it an ideal technology for smart metering, as it allows utilities to deploy meters that are battery-operated and do not require a cellular connection.
2. Increased Accuracy: NB-IoT can provide more accurate meter readings, as it can detect and report data even in difficult-to-reach areas.
Use cases for smart metering using narrowband IoT: India’s first NB-IoT powered smart meter deployments in Delhi
NB-IoT operates in the licensed cellular spectrum, making it a more reliable and secure option than unlicensed options such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. It also delivers significantly longer battery life, making it well-suited for applications that require a long operating life.
NB-IoT is being widely adopted by manufacturers for a variety of applications. For example, it is being used for asset tracking in cold storage warehouses, for real-time monitoring of production lines, and for tracking shipments and inventory
NB-IoT has several advantages over other wireless technologies such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi.
Key benefits of using Narrowband IoT for manufacturing:
First, NB-IoT has a much longer range than Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. This makes it ideal for connecting devices located in a wide area, such as a factory or a warehouse.
Second, NB-IoT has a much lower power consumption than Bluetooth and Wi-Fi. This makes it ideal for devices that need to run for long periods of time on a limited power supply, such as sensors or actuators.
Third, NB-IoT has a much lower cost than other wireless technologies. This makes it ideal for devices that need to be deployed in large numbers, such as sensors or actuators.
Fourth, NB-IoT has very low latency. This makes it ideal for applications that require real-time communication, such as industrial control systems.
NB-IoT is a relatively new technology and is not yet widely deployed. However, it is rapidly gaining in popularity due to its many advantages over other wireless technologies.
Smart manufacturing use case: World’s first IoT based smart factory from Ericsson
IoT has the potential to revolutionize healthcare by allowing for the collection of data from a large number of sources, including medical devices, wearables, and implanted sensors. This data can be used to improve patient care, including the diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
One of the most promising applications of IoT in healthcare is the use of narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) to connect medical devices and sensors. NB-IoT is a low-power wide-area network technology that can be used to connect devices that are located far from each other or that need to transmit data intermittently.
NB-IoT is well suited for the healthcare industry because it can transmit data over long distances and has low power requirements. This makes it ideal for connecting devices such as implanted sensors and medical equipment. NB-IoT can also be used to connect wearables and other portable devices that collect health data.
The use of NB-IoT in healthcare offers several benefits, including:
Improved patient care: The collected data can be used to improve patient care by allowing for the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
The collected data can be used to improve patient care by allowing for the early diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
Reduced costs: The use of NB-IoT can help to reduce the costs of healthcare by allowing for the efficient collection and analysis of data.
Find an article: Health monitoring system with Narrowband IoT
Retail and Logistics
Narrowband IoT is one of the most promising connectivity solutions for the retail and logistics industry. It offers several advantages for these sectors, such as low latency, high reliability, low power consumption, and wide coverage.
In retail, Narrowband IoT can be used for a variety of purposes, such as tracking inventory, managing customer data, and tracking the movement of goods. It can also be used for tasks such as monitoring the temperature of perishable goods and optimizing store layouts.
In logistics, Narrowband IoT can be used for tasks such as fleet management, tracking parcels, and optimizing delivery routes. It can also be used for tasks such as monitoring the temperature of perishable goods and optimizing store layout
NB-IoT is well suited for applications in the retail and logistics sectors, where low data rates are required and where the cost and complexity of installing and maintaining a traditional Wide Area Network (WAN) are not justified.
Some of the key benefits of using NB-IoT in retail and logistics include:
Low cost: NB-IoT connections are typically much cheaper than traditional cellular connections, which makes them ideal for applications where a large number of devices need to be connected.
Lower power consumption: NB-IoT devices typically consume very little power, which allows them to run for long periods of time on a single battery charge.
Low data rates: NB-IoT devices can transmit data at very low data rates, which is ideal for applications where a high level of throughput is not required.
Long-range: NB-IoT devices can transmit data over long distances, which makes them well suited for applications in rural or remote areas.
Use case: Future of IoT in logistics – DHL
There are several ways in which narrowband IoT can be used in smart cities. One way is to use it to manage traffic. By using sensors to detect the presence of cars, buses, and pedestrians, and then transmitting that data to a central controller, the controller can optimize traffic flow by controlling the traffic lights.
Another way narrowband IoT can be used in smart cities is to use it to manage energy consumption. By installing sensors in buildings and other infrastructure, data can be collected on when and where energy is being consumed. This data can then be used to optimize energy use, for example by turning off lights or air conditioning when they are not needed.
There are many benefits of using Narrowband IoT in smart city applications. Some of these benefits are:
1. Increased Capacity: Narrowband IoT can increase the capacity of smart city applications by up to 10 times when compared to traditional cellular networks. This increased capacity can be used to support a wider variety of applications and services.
2. Lower Latency: Narrowband IoT can also reduce latency by up to 50%. This lower latency can be used to improve the responsiveness of smart city applications.
3. Reduced Energy Consumption: Narrowband IoT can also reduce energy consumption by up to 90%. This reduced energy consumption can save the city money on energy costs, and also help to reduce emissions.
4. Extended Coverage: Narrowband IoT can also extend coverage by up to 10 times when compared to traditional cellular networks. This extended coverage can be used to support a wider area of the city.
5. Increased Reliability: Narrowband IoT can also increase reliability by up to 10 times when compared to traditional cellular networks. This increased reliability can be used to support a wider variety of applications and services.
Use case: Connected City – Huawei
In automotive, the narrowband IoT is being used to connect cars to the internet. This can be used to improve safety, and to enable cars to communicate with each other. In manufacturing, the narrowband IoT is being used to connect machines to the internet.
Narrowband IoT is a perfect fit for autonomous driving because it doesn’t require a lot of bandwidth and it can easily connect to a large number of devices. This will be important for autonomous driving because there will be a lot of devices that need to communicate with each other, such as cars, traffic lights, and pedestrians.
Narrowband IoT will also be important for autonomous driving because it is very reliable and it can operate in low-power environments.
Agriculture and smart farming
Agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the economy, and it is essential to keep it running smoothly. In order to do this, it is necessary to use the latest technology to improve the efficiency of farming. One of the most important aspects of modern agriculture is the use of sensors to monitor the condition of crops and soil. This information is used to make decisions about irrigation, fertilization, and other aspects of farming.
Sensors can be used to measure all sorts of things, from temperature and humidity to vibration and motion. By attaching sensors to physical objects and then connecting those objects to the internet, we can collect and track data in real-time. This data can then be used to make decisions about how to best use or manage those objects.
One area where IoT is already having a significant impact is in the world of agriculture. In the past, farmers have had to rely on guesswork and experience when it comes to planting, watering, and fertilizing their crops. But with the help of IoT, farmers can now use data collected from sensors to make informed decisions about how to best care for their crops.
There is a great demand for pet tracking devices owing to the numerous benefits they offer. Narrowband IoT can be used in pet tracking to provide a more reliable, efficient, and secure service.
Narrowband IoT offers several advantages for pet tracking. Firstly, it has a much longer battery life than traditional cellular networks, which is essential for tracking devices that need to be small and lightweight. Secondly, it has a much lower data rate, which makes it more efficient and reduces the cost of the service. Finally, it is more secure than traditional cellular networks, making it ideal for tracking devices that contain sensitive information.
Narrowband IoT can be used to create a global pet tracking network that is reliable, efficient, and secure. This network would provide a valuable service to pet owners and would help to improve the safety and welfare of pets around the world.
NB-IoT is a perfect fit for smart parking applications because of its low power requirements and ability to penetrate buildings and underground parking structures. It can also connect a large number of devices over a wide area, making it ideal for smart parking applications that need to collect data from a large area.
With NB-IoT, parking can become a more efficient and convenient experience for drivers. By connecting parking sensors to the network, drivers can get real-time information on the availability of parking spots. This can help them to find a spot faster and avoid paying for parking in a lot that’s already full.
Smart parking can also help to reduce traffic congestion and pollution. By reducing the number of cars that circle a block looking for a spot, NB-IoT can help to improve traffic flow. And by making it easier for drivers to find a spot, NB-IoT can help to reduce the amount of pollution caused by cars.
Benefits of NB-IoT
- Low power consumption: NB-IoT can operate for up to 10 years on a single battery.
- Low cost: NB-IoT modules are priced at around $5, making them affordable for low-cost applications.
- Wide coverage: NB-IoT has a wide coverage area, reaching up to 70% of the global population.
- High reliability: NB-IoT connections are highly reliable, with a network availability of 99.999%.
- NB-IoT is well suited for low-data rate applications such as smart metering, asset tracking, and connected health. It offers several benefits compared to other cellular technologies
NB-IoT is a variant of LTE that operates in the unlicensed spectrum bands below 1 GHz. This makes it ideal for connecting devices that are located in remote or hard-to-reach locations, where there is no existing cellular infrastructure.
NB-IoT is also very efficient, allowing it to support up to ten times the number of devices that can be connected to a traditional cellular network. This makes it ideal for connecting large numbers of devices, such as smart meters, asset trackers, and agricultural sensors.
NB-IoT is still in the early stages of development, and there are currently few devices that support it. However, we can expect to see a growing number of NB-IoT devices in the coming years as the technology matures.